The Atlantic Puffin is the sole puffin that’s found in the Atlantic ocean. The other two puffin species, the Tufted Puffin and the Horned Puffin, are found in the North Pacific Ocean. Puffins are amazing because they both fly and dive to great depths.
It belongs to the Order Charadriiformes, the Family Alcidae, the Genus Fratercula, and the Species arctica. Its scientific name is Fratercula arctica, and it was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. Other names that have been given to the Atlantic Puffin are Common Puffin, Puffin, Puffin Auk, Labrador Auk, Sea Parrot, Pope, Bottle-Nose, Tammy Norie, Coulterner, Tinker, Clown of the Ocean, and Sea Rooster. The Canadian province Newfoundland and Labrador has declared it the provincial bird (like how in the United States there are state birds).
In the summer, during breeding season, the puffin’s bill develops much more ridges and rectal growth plates. Its crown is greyish-black. Its upper parts are dark. It has a narrow ashy collar. The sides of the head, the chin, and the throat are also ashy. The area between the eyes and the bill are almost white, with a dark dusky patch on the side of its own throat. The underparts, starting in the neck, are pur white. The puffin stands upright on its legs, which are pushed very far back on it body. It stands and waddles like a penguin does. The base of the bill and the first slabs are dull yellow. The following space on the bill is grayish blue. The rest of the bill is vermilion, and yellow below. The iris is bluish white, and there are conical shaped projections above and behind the eye.